Assessing the development of children is a very complex process and requires a multitude of parameters to be considered. It becomes easier if the development is evaluated in these categories of areas.
- Motor development
- Fine motor skill development
- Personal and social development and general understanding
- Vision and Hearing
We will be considering each category in separate articles.
Orderly sequence to attain locomotion and attainment of motor tasks in a newborn child. The infant is continued to be assessed and observed as follows:
Supine and Pull to sit
In supine position the infant is observed and then gently pulled to sitting position. It must be observed for control of head and curvature of the spine.
In the newborn, the head completely lags behind and back is rounded. At around 6 weeks, the head control is developed and by 12 weeks there is only slight head lag. Spine curvature decreases in tandem.
20 weeks: child attains complete neck control. The favored plays of the baby during this period is to play with his feet or many a times you see he is taking foot to his mouth as well.
The baby is held in prone position and lifted from the table with the doctor supporting the chest and abdomen of the child with the palm of her hand.
Till 4 weeks of age, the head flops down.
At 6 weeks, the child temporarily holds the head in the horizontal plane.
At 8 weeks, the child can maintain the above position as well.
By 12 weeks, the child can lift above the horizontal plane as well.
At 2 weeeks, the baby lies on the bed with pelvis high drawn and knees drawn up.
By 8 weeks, the face is lifted up at around 45deg.
By 6 months, the baby can lift her head and significant part of the chest supporting her weight on the extended arms.
By 8 months, the baby learns to crawl
By 10 months , the baby creeps with abdomen of the ground supporting the weight on keens and hands.
Standing and walking
6 months is the duration when a parent must be looking whether the child can bear all her weight when made to stand.
By 9 months the child must be able to stand holding on to furniture and pull herself to standing position.
By 10 and 11 months, the child starts cruising around the house.
12- 13 months, the child must be able to stand independently.
13-15 months, the child must by able to start walking independently
18 months, the child must be able to run.
2 years, the child must be able to walk backwards.
At around 3 years, the child can even start riding a tricycle.
In the next article, we will talk about Fine motor development of the child.